They are hidden in floors, walls or ceilings
and distribute the heat evenly in the room.

With their “carbon nanotube” panel heating system, thermofer has developed one
novel technology. At the heart of the low temperature panel heating system is the
heating element “MESH”. This is a glass
fire net, which is about 1.5 mm thin, that
is coated with electro conductive carbon
nanotubes as well as an insulating and
stabilising material.
As required, the heating element
can be integrated close to the surface in
walls, floors, ceilings or modular system

The overall structure of a top
layer with heating fabric including a vapour diffusible insulation fleece usually
is 10 to 20 mm, dependent on application
and final coating. The panel heating system disappears underneath plaster, tiles,
floor coverings and so forth and thus does
not disturb the room structure.

How does the panel heating work?
 Copper threads are woven into the glass
fire net at regular intervals. If a voltage
source is connected to it, electricity flows
through the net and warms it up extensively. Plastered into a wall layer close to
the surface, the warmth is transported
very quickly to the wall surface and is
then emitted into the room as predominantly thermal radiation. In other words,
as electromagnetic waves that transport
energy and aren’t visible to the human eye
– comparable with the effect of sun rays.
When these waves hit solid objects,
such as persons, walls or furniture, the
energy is transformed into warmth. The
 bodies in the room absorb the thermal
 radiation and partially pass it on afterwards. In this way, a mutual and even 
heat exchange takes place that turns furniture, people and walls into secondary
heat sources.
The result is a much higher thermal
cosiness compared to conventional heating systems.

Convection heaters that are 
operated with fossil fuels such as coal, gas
or oil mainly heat up the air. This causes
 air circulation One energy-efficient alternative: low-temperature panel heating systemsthrough which hot air rises
to the ceiling where it cools off again and
then continuously circulates in the room.
This can lead to dust turbulence, dry
room air, mould formation and an indoor
climate that is perceived as unpleasant.
Next to the aspect of a higher thermal
cosiness, the low-temperature panel heating system scores with further diverse
advantages – i.e. a high energy efficiency. Though the extensive heat distribution, the system can work with low temperatures so that losses to the outside are
minimal. Furthermore, the energy that is
supplied by the electricity producers and
has to be paid by the client – the so-called end-energy – is transformed into nearly 100% warmth, which is not possible
with conventional heating systems. Conventional radiators have to be strongly
heated to warm up larger rooms with
their comparatively smaller surface. For
this purpose, flow temperatures of up to
60 °C are required.

What is more, it takes 
relatively long until the warmth is distributed throughout the room. The low-temperature panel heating system, on the
other hand, heats up significantly faster
– within a few minutes – due to the near 
surface integration of the heating element
as well as the use of a thin and highly effective insulation layer. The heat emission
takes place on account of the low surface
temperature by 65 to 79 percent thermal
radiation and 30 to 35 percent convective
heat dissipation.
 Because of the low operating temperature and the quick heating time, significant savings in heating costs and total cost
of ownership are possible. In addition, the
resulting lower energy consumption and
minimised CO
2 emissions contribute towards the protection of the environment.

A further plus point: The system principle allows the integration of the heating
into existing and future plant engineering.
The inclusion of regenerative energy One energy-efficient alternative: low-temperature panel heating systemsproducers such as photovoltaics, small wind
turbines, etc. is as possible as the connection to bus systems. With a large-scale
under-floor heater, a small leakage for
example can already lead to a significant
impairment or the failure of the entire
heating system. Often this is connected
to water damage including very extensive repairs. This is not possible with the
thermofer system since no liquids are
Due to the robust design and the particularly close-meshed net structure of
the heating fabric, subsequent mounting
of lamps, curtains, pictures, TV brackets
and so on are no problem. Should the glass
fire net be damaged by nails, wall plugs
 or screws, a repair is not necessary.

 functional capability of the system will
not or is only in parts compromised.

 Flexible application possibilities
: For maximum flexibility in room heating
or use there are low-temperature panel
heating systems in different versions. The
basis for all heating systems, which can be
combined with each other, is the heating
fabric. On the one hand, there are panel
heating systems for the fitted integration
into the wall, ceiling and floor. These are
suitable for the use in well-insulated new
buildings but can also be retrofitted in un-insulated old constructions. The supply
voltage is 42V AC and thus meets the
requirements for electrical safety. The system is licensed as building product according to EN 13501-1:2010 with the fie performance class E.



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